Human Torch (Marvel)(01 - Jim Hammond)
Real Name: Jim Hammond
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Ability to generate and manipulate flame, able to survive without oxygen for long periods
The Human Torch was an android created by Professor Phineas T. Horton for scientific purposes. At a press-conference unveiling, however, Horton's creation burst into flames when exposed to oxygen, and, with human-like sentience, personality, and awareness, rebelled against his creator. Public outcry led to the Torch's being sealed in concrete, which Horton did until he could find a way to control the android's flames, though he eventually escaped due to a crack that let oxygen seep in. While the Torch then inadvertently caused parts of New York City to burn, he eventually learned to control his flame and vowed to help humanity.
He would join other heroes as war broke out in Europe, and later in the Pacific, to fight the Axis powers. During this time he acquired a young partner, Thomas "Toro" Raymond. Toro was the mutant son of two nuclear scientists whose exposure to radiation gave him the ability to control fire. The Human Torch also joined the police force as part of his "human cover" under the name Jim Hammond. He would later drop the human name and serve the police force outright as the Human Torch, fighting villains and his off-and-on foe, the Sub-Mariner. During World War II Jim helped allied forces and the Invaders fight the Axis powers. Near the end of the war, Jim came face-to-face with Adolf Hitler and killed him with his bare hands.
After the war the Torch was placed in deactivation sleep in the Mojave Desert; an atomic bomb test awoke him. Learning that Toro had been captured by the Soviets and brainwashed, the Torch rescued his old partner and learned that the nuclear bomb's radiation had made his powers both much stronger and more unstable. Eventually, fearing he would become a danger to those around him, the Torch flew back out into the desert and went nova, using up his energy reserve and effectively deactivating himself. The Mad Thinker later rebuilt the Torch, restraining his flame and editing his memory so he would forget having been a hero, then sent him after the Fantastic Four. Jim soon fought with the new Human Torch at the Thinker's behest, though he was loathe to actually murder him. But the rest of the four soon appeared, along with Wyatt Wingfoot, and captured him, transporting him back to the Thinker's lab with Lockjaw's help. There, the original Torch rebelled against the Thinker, refusing to be a party to murder, and the Thinker used his computer, Quasimodo, to fire a ray that shut off the invisible coating of protective nitrogen cells, which kept his flame in check, and he burned himself out. A duplicate of his body was later created by the time traveler Immortus; this copy was obtained by the villainous robot Ultron, who used it to create the Vision, an android who went on to join the Avengers
The Torch was revived again by the Scarlet Witch â€” who was searching for answers about her husband, the Vision â€” and Ann Raymond, widow of Tom "Toro" Raymond. He served the Avengers for a while before losing his powers to save the former superheroine Spitfire. His powers gone, he decided to settle down with Ann Raymond. He became the CEO of Oracle, Inc., a company run by Prince Namor. From there, he served as "boss" to the mercenary group Heroes for Hire, while being secretly manipulated by the Master of the World. When the group disbanded, he went off on his own, before being asked to become the head of V-Battalion upon the retirement of Roger Aubrey, the Destroyer.
Recently, while on leave from the V-Battalion and working with the new Invaders, he became attached to Tara, a recently-constructed female android based on him, whom he came to regard as a daughter of sorts. He also struck up a renewed acquaintance with Spitfire to the dismay of her beau, the current Union Jack, while beginning to show signs that his powers were regenerating.
Unfortunately, Tara was revealed to be a plant, created by the Red Skull, with overrides on her developing personality allowing the Invaders' enemies, the Axis Mundi, to use her as a weapon against the team. Refusing to believe that she was truly gone, he found himself able to flame on again, and tried to channel the heat from her system to shut her down before she overloaded and killed all the Invaders, herself included. While he was able to stop her meltdown, his own systems could not handle the sheer heat, and he flew high into the atmosphere before detonating.
Captain America makes him an agent of SHIELD in All-New Invaders #5.
First Appearance: Marvel Comics (1939) #1
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1939 Daily Bugle (2009)
A Year of Marvels: July Infinite Comic (2016)
AAFES 8th Edition [New Avengers: The Promise] (2009)
Adam: Legend of the Blue Marvel (2009)
All Winners Comics 70th Anniversary Special (2009)
All-New Invaders (2014)
#1 All-New Marvel Now! Point One (2014)
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All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z (2006)
#12 All-New X-Men (2013)
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All-Winners Comics (1941)
#1 All-Winners Comics (1948)
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Avengers Finale (2005)
Avengers Forever (1998)
#6 Avengers Spotlight (1989)
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New Invaders (2004)
#0 Overstreet Comic Book Monthly (1993)
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#3 Secret Avengers (2010)
- 'A Prince in New York'#4
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#23 Secret Empire: Brave New World (2017)
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- 'Grandfather Clause'#31
- 'Into The Void'#32
- 'To Hold Back A Black Hole'#33
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nn Spider-Man Family (2007)
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HC The Great Comic Book Heroes (1965)
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The Human Torch (1974)
#7#8 The Invaders (1975)
- 'The Painter of a Thousand Perils!'#8 (UK Edition)
- 'The Painter of a Thousand Perils!'
Annual 01 The Invaders (1993)
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- 'Blitzkrieg at Bermuda'#4
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- '... And Let the Battle Begin!'#6 (9p UK Edition)
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- 'Union Jack is Back!'#9
- 'An Invader No More!'#10
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- 'Calling... the Crusaders'#15
- 'God Save the King'#16
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- 'The Making of Warrior Woman, 1942!'#19
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- 'The Scarab of the Nile'#25
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- 'Day of Infamy, Day of Shame'#27
- 'Agent Axis, Master of Murder'#28
- 'Calling the Kid Commandos'#29
- 'Attack of the Teutonic Knight'#30
- 'Five Against the Flying Death'#31
- 'Heil Frankenstein'#32
- 'Thunder in the East'#33
- 'A Time of Titans'#34
- 'He Who Destroys'#35
- 'Havock on the Home Front'#36
- 'Crushed by the Iron Cross'#37
- 'The Liberty Legion Busts Loose'#38
- 'U-Man Comes To Town'#39
- 'Back From the Grave!'#40
- 'V... -is for Vampire!'#41
- 'Beware The Super Axis!'
#1 The Knights of Pendragon (1990)
- 'The Invaders Return'#2
- 'Havoc in Hollywood'#3
- 'Your Young Men Shall See Visions'#4
- '... And a Hero Shall Die'
The Marvel Encyclopedia (2006)
HC The Marvels Project (2009)
- 'The Marvel Encyclopedia'
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Golden Age (2004)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Master Edition (1990)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Update '89 (1989)
#4 The Order (2007)
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#7 The Saga of the Original Human Torch (1990)
- 'Namor --or-- the Desperate Hour'
#1 The Sensational She-Hulk (1989)
- 'The Lighted Torch'#2
- 'The World on Fire'#3
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- 'The Flaming Fifties'
#22 The Sub-Mariner (1968)
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#8 The Torch (2009)
- 'In the Rage of Battle!'#14
- 'Burn, Namor, Burn'
The Twelve (2008)
The Twelve: Spearhead (2010)
The Ultimate Graphic Novel Collection (2011)
The Vision and the Scarlet Witch (1982)
#1 The Vision and the Scarlet Witch (1985)
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- 'Faith of Our Fathers'
Thor Corps (1993)
#1 Thunderbolts (1997)
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#73 Timely Presents (1999)
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- 'Didn't See That Coming'#164
- 'Golden Age Thunderbolts'#165
- 'Golden Age Thunderbolts Part 3: The Fiery Death from Above!'
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#23 Weapon X (2002)
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#1 What If? (1977)
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Young Allies Comics (1941)
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Avengers (Marvel)(01 - Original Team)
Heroes for Hire (Marvel)
Legion of the Unliving (Marvel)
Secret Avengers (Marvel)
West Coast Avengers / Avengers West Coast
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