Mr. Hyde (Marvel)
Real Name: Calvin Zabo
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By consuming different mixtures of his transformation potion, Calvin Zabo can transform back and forth from his alter-ego of Mister Hyde. The chemical process is hormonal in nature, causing the cells of his anatomy to instantly manufacture mutated hormones that induce a physical transformation encompassing his entire figure. Miraculously, over 200 pounds of bone and muscle tissue are added to Zabo's body. After about 30 seconds of excrutiating pain, the entire metamorphosis is complete. Hyde and Zabo have different finger prints, while Hyde's facial structure is distorted to the point that he is frozen in a perpetual sneer. Zabo's personality is also distorted. As Hyde, he is overcome with savage anger and bestial ferocity. His body's dense flesh provides some degree of protection and he possesses vast superhuman strength and stamina.
A brilliant but amoral medical research scientist, Calvin Zabo was always oddly intrigued by the story of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson. Believing the fictional account to be true, Zabo longed for the ability to unleash the bestial side of himself, and he dedicated his life to finding a chemical formula to enable him to do so. The research was incredibly expensive, so Zabo systematically robbed his various employers, avoiding criminal prosecution by simply changing employers before he could be caught. However, his reputation caught up with him. Zabo applied for work with a noted surgeon, Dr. Donald Blake, the secret identity of Thor, but was refused employment based on his past misdeeds. Zabo became furious and vowed vengeance upon the lame doctor. When he struck upon the formula several months later, Zabo transformed himself into Mister Hyde. He immediately sought revenge on Dr. Blake, but was defeated by Thor.
Hyde first joined with Cobra to gain revenge on Thor, but despite their defeat, they began a long partnership together. The next teamed together on behalf of Thor's archenemy, Loki. On his urging, the two kidnapped Blake's nurse and love interest, Jane Foster but were again defeated by Thor. The pair crossed the paths of many heroes, most notably Daredevil and Spider-Man. Hyde only parted company once, teaming with the Scorpion against Captain America and the Falcon. After yet another defeat from Daredevil landed the pair in Ryker's Island prison, the Cobra used his powers to escape, willingly leaving Hyde behind. Enraged, Hyde swore vengeance on his former partner.
He later was seen in the employ of Batroc the Leaper. They succeeded in hijacking a Roxxon Oil supertanker and capturing Captain America, whom they chained to the prow of the ship. The tanker was filled with 50,000 tons of liquefied natural gas. As it cruised through the harbor, Batroc and Hyde set it on a collision coarse with the docks of New York City. The resulting explosion would likely lead to the total destruction of the entire metropolis. Batroc only wanted a huge ransom for the ship and Captain America. Hyde, however, wanted to go through with the plan and cared nothing for the money: he simply wanted Cap and the rest of New York City's population (particularly Cobra) dead. When Batroc realized this, he secretly loosened the chains holding Captain America, who freed himself and dove into the harbor. As Hyde was busy steering the ship, Batroc attacked him from behind. The former partners began a fight to the death. As Hyde began to squeeze the life out of Batroc, Captain America boarded the ship and attacked Hyde. During the fight, Hyde broke a pipe and was hit by a high-pressure stream of liquefied gas. Covered by a thick coating of the freezing liquid, Hyde fell over the side and sank in the harbor. Captain America tried to find him, but Hyde was gone. Cap caught Batroc, who tried to escape during the confusion, and returned the supertanker to Roxxon officials.
He returned again to stalk the Cobra, who was at this time seriously fearing for his life. Hyde was stopped by Spider-Man, after a long and ferocious battle, by getting knocked out a high window, plummeting to the street below. The indomitable Mister Hyde was not killed, but merely stunned. He and the Cobra were then easily captured and taken into police custody. Another similar rampage was stopped yet again by Spider-Man with the help of the Black Cat.
Baron Zemo later recruited Mister Hyde for his Masters of Evil. While the Avengers were away, Zemo led the Masters of Evil in a successful take-over of the Avengers' Mansion and captured Jarvis, the butler. Zemo, in particular, was used to savagely beat Hercules into a coma. Zemo also turned the hostages (Jarvis, the Black Knight, and Captain America) over to the cruel hands of Mister Hyde, who started beating the butler to death. Hyde was having great fun, until the Black Knight managed to free himself and Cap, fighting Hyde until the rest of the Avengers arrived and brought the Masters of Evil down.
In the meantime, Cobra had become the leader of the Serpent Society. As part of re-inventing himself for this new position, Cobra sought out the one person that he still feared above all - Mister Hyde. After going one-on-one with his former partner, Cobra succeeded in besting him. Flushed with new confidence, he renamed himself King Cobra, and the long grudge match between the two seemed to be over.
When Mister Hyde ran afoul of the monstrous Hulk, he received a head wound and Calvin Zabo found himself unable to transform into Hyde. Zabo made his way to a Manhattan bar, where he happened to insult a waitress. The huge leader of a biker gang saw the incident, and he threw Zabo out of the bar. Determined to have revenge, Zabo reentered the bar and hit the biker over the head with a bottle. This time Zabo threw himself out the window in an attempt to escape the enraged bikers. Zabo fled to a nearby parking garage and hid. Meanwhile, Dan Ketch (then, Ghost Rider) arrived at the garage. Zabo was able to become Mister Hyde once more, but Ghost Rider was on hand to save the bikers and innocent bystanders from his rampage. As the police arrived, both Hyde and the Ghost Rider vowed revenge, going their separate ways.
At some point earning the enmity of the criminal Eel, Hyde unknowingly found himself a target of revenge. Hyde had befriended a young runaway, Angela Paris, but the Eel secretly murdered her, framing Hyde. Mister Hyde was given counsel by the lawyer Matt Murdock (a.k.a. Daredevil, whose powers told him Hyde was innocent but whose conscious refused to allow the villain to be convicted of something he didn't do. As Daredevil investigated, he uncovered the Eel's involvement and managed to take the Eel into court to clear Hyde's name. Hyde was released, but Daredevil confronted him and warned him that he would be forever watched by the vigilant hero.
More recently, Hyde was seen among those imprisoned at Ryker's Island. He was used as an informant by Toxin's alter-ego, Pat Mulligan, who was tracking his old partner, Cobra.
First Appearance: Journey Into Mystery (1952) #99
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View a chronological listing of this character's appearances
AAFES 10th Edition [New Avengers: X Exchange] (2010)
All-New Ghost Rider (2014)
#2 Alpha Flight (1983)
- 'Engines of Vengeance Part 2'#3
- 'Engines of Vengeance Part 3'#4
- 'Engines of Vengeance Part 4'#5
- 'Engines of Vengeance Part 5'#6
- 'Legend Part 1'#7
- 'Legend Part 2'#10
- 'Legend Part 5'#11
- 'Great Power Part 1'
#106 Avengers (1998)
- 'The Walking Wounded'
#57 Avengers Academy (2010)
- 'World Trust, Part 1: New Alliances'
Avengers Finale (2005)
Avengers Origins (2015)
Avengers Spotlight (1989)
#26 Avengers Standoff: Assault on Pleasant Hill Alpha (2016)
- 'Tales from the Vault'
Avengers Unplugged (1995)
#4 Avengers: Deathtrap, The Vault (1991)
- 'The Old Ball and Chain'
Avengers: Season One (2012)
Avengers: The Initiative (2007)
Captain America (1968)
Captain America (1998)
Captain America (2002)
#29 Captain America Reborn: Who Will Wield the Shield? (2010)
- 'Super Patriot Part 1'
Captain America: Red, White & Blue (2002)
Captain America: Sam Wilson (2015)
Captain America: Steve Rogers (2016)
Crossover Classics (1991)
#30 Daredevil (1998)
- '-- If There Should Be A Thunder God!'#31
- 'Blind Man's Bluff'#32
- '...To Fight The Impossible Fight!'#61
- 'Trapped... By The Trio Of Doom!'#142
- 'The Concrete Jungle!'#143
- ''Hyde and Go Seek,' Sayeth The Cobra!'#153
- 'A Safe Place'#353
- 'The Devil's Work!'#354
- 'Charming Devils'#355
- 'Trial By Fire'#356
- 'Burden Of Proof'#357
- 'Crime and Punishment'
½ Daredevil/Batman (1997)
- 'The Devil Discussed'TPB
- 'Marvel Knights: Daredevil - Guardian Devil'#35
- 'Out: Part 4'#65
- 'The Universe'
Dark Avengers (2012)
#175 Dark Reign: Lethal Legion (2009)
- 'Earth's Mightiest...'#176
- 'Whatever happened to the Thunderbolts?'#177
- 'Time to Die!'#178
- 'Executioner's Song'#179
- 'Gods & Monsters'#180
- 'Change is Good'#181
- 'Boss Level'#182
- 'Nothing Stops Justice!'#183
- 'The End is the Beginning'
#1 Fantastic Four (1961)
- 'Lethal Legion: Part 1'#2
- 'Lethal Legion: Part 2'#3
- 'Lethal Legion: Part Three'
Fantastic Four Adventures (2005)
#47 Ghost Rider (1990)
- 'A Family Torn Apart!'
#4 Ghost Rider Poster Magazine (1992)
- 'You Can Run, But You Can't Hyde!'#36
- 'Transformations in Pain'#55
- 'Skin Games'
#1 Hawkeye: Blindspot (2011)
- 'Heroes Arise'#2
- 'Heroes Arise'
Heroic Age: Villains (2011)
#1 House of M: Masters of Evil (2009)
- 'Heroic Age Villains'
#1 Howling Commandos of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2015)
- 'This Thing of Ours'#2
- 'Honor Among Thieves'
Infinity: Heist (2013)
Iron Man (1968)
#228 Iron Man (1998)
- 'Who Guards the Guardsmen?'
#43 Iron Man/X-O Manowar: Heavy Metal (1996)
- 'The Big Bang Theory: Part 2'
#1 Journey Into Mystery (1952)
- 'Heavy Metal: The Interlock Crunch'
Marvel Encyclopedia (2014)
Marvel Masterworks (1987)
#25 Marvel Tales (1964)
- 'The Fantastic Four Nos. 41-50 & Fantastic Four Annual No. 3 by Stan Lee & Jack Kirby'
Moon Knight (2011)
New Avengers (2005)
#2 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z (2008)
- 'Breakout!, Part Two'#4
- 'Breakout!, Part Four'#35
- 'The Trust, Part Four'#56#57
Paradise X: Xen (2002)
#5 S.H.I.E.L.D. (2015)
- 'Living in Darkness Part 5'
#7 Secret Empire (2017)
- 'Active Mission: The Strange Case of Daisy Johnson and Mr. Hyde'#7 (Ryan Sook Variant)
- 'Active Mission: The Strange Case of Daisy Johnson and Mr. Hyde'
Secret Warriors (2017)
#2 Secret Warriors One Shot: Who's Your Daddy? (2009)
- '"To Begin the World Over Again" Part Two'#3
- '"To Begin the World Over Again" Part Three'#4
- '"To Begin the World Over Again" Part Four'#5
- '"To Begin the World Over Again" Part Five'
#20 Spider-Man [GER] (2007)
- 'Mindfield! part 2: Split Decision!'
#1 Spider-Man Comics Weekly (1973)
- 'Chaos auf Ryker's Island'#41
- 'Spiel mit dem Feuer'
#17 Spider-Man Megazine (1994)
- 'The Goblin and the Gangsters'
Spider-Man Special: Black and Blue and Read All Over (2006)
#1 Spider-Man: Get Kraven (2002)
- 'Black & Blue & Read All Over'
Spider-Man's Tangled Web (2001)
#13 Superior Spider-Man Team-Up (2013)
- 'Double Shots'#14
- 'The Last Shoot'
The Amazing Spider-Man (1963)
#231 The Amazing Spider-Man (1999)
- 'Caught In The Act...'#232
- 'Hyde...In Plain Sight!'#433
- 'The Long Farewell'
#41 The Avengers (1963)
- 'Looking Back / You Can Call Me Al: Part Two'
The Incredible Hulk (1968)
#368 The Irredeemable Ant-Man (2006)
- 'Natural Selection'#418
- 'We Are Gathered Here'#458
- 'Crash and Burn'
The Marvel Encyclopedia (2006)
HC The New Avengers: Most Wanted Files (2006)
- 'The Marvel Encyclopedia'
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (1983)
#7 The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition (1985)
- 'M: From Mandarin to Mystique'
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Master Edition (1990)
The Sensational Spider-Man (2006)
#35 The Spectacular Spider-Man (1976)
- 'The Strange Case of...: Part 1'#36
- 'The Strange Case of...: Part 2'#37
- 'The Strange Case of...: Part 3'
#46 The Superior Foes of Spider-Man (2013)
- 'Deadly is the Cobra!'#88
- 'Hyde and Seek!'#89
- 'Where, Oh Where Has My Spider-Man Gone...?'
#3 The Ultimates (2002)
- 'A New Sheriff In Town'
#5 Thor (1966)
- 'Hulk Does Manhattan'
#394 Thor: The Legend (1996)
- '... And How Shall Mortals Know Ye?'#418
- 'Fear Kills!'
Thunderbolts: Reason in Madness (2008)
#1 What If? (1977)
- 'The Strange Case of Pat Mulligan and Mr. Hyde'
#10 What If? Special (1988)
- 'What If...Jane Foster Had Found the Hammer of Thor?'
#1 Wolverine (1988)
- 'What If Iron Man Had Been a Traitor?'
#176 X-Force (1991)
- 'The Logan Files, Epilogue'
X-Men Unlimited (1993)
#36 X-O Manowar/Iron Man: In Heavy Metal (1996)
- 'This One's For You'
#1 Young Avengers (2005)
- 'Heavy Metal, Part 1: The Reality Alchemists'
- 'Secret Identities Part One'#8
- 'Secret Identities Part Two'
Hood's Criminal Syndicate (Marvel)
Lethal Legion (Marvel)(01 - villains)
Masters of Evil (Marvel)
Thunderbolts (Marvel)(01 - Original Team)
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