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    Mark Gruenwald
Search for 'Mark Gruenwald' on Amazon


Bio:
Mark Gruenwald (June 18, 1953-August 12, 1996) was an American comic book writer and editor. Gruenwald got his start in comics fandom, publishing his own fanzine, Omniverse, which explored the concept of continuity. In 1978 he was hired by Marvel Comics, where he spent the rest of his career.

Hired initially as an assistant editor, Gruenwald was promoted to full editorship by Jim Shooter. In the late 1980s he became executive editor, with a particular remit as the keeper of Marvel continuity. Most fans, as well as Gruenwald's colleagues at Marvel, believe that had there not been a restructuring of the entire company by the owners in the early 1990s, he would have become editor-in-chief.

As a writer, Gruenwald is best-known for a long (1985-1995) stint as the writer of Captain America, and for the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe. However, his magnum opus is widely regarded to be his mid-1980s 12-issue miniseries Squadron Supreme, which told the story of an alternate universe where a group of well-intentioned superheroes decide that they would be best suited to run the planet.

In 1996, Gruenwald succumbed to an unexpected heart attack. As per his request, he was cremated, and his ashes were mixed with the ink used to print the first trade paperback compilation of Squadron Supreme.

Gruenwald was famous for a seemingly near-perfect recollection of even the most trivial details; an annual contest where fans tried to stump him with obscure questions was eventually discontinued by Marvel as it became clear he would never lose.

In the years since his death, many projects have been dedicated to his memory, especially those involving complicated continuity that would have delighted him (the JLA/Avengers crossover or the Earth X trilogy to name two). In the DC Universe, a building in Gotham City was named the Von Gruenwald Tower, and in the novel Captain America: Liberty's Torch, the lawyer kidnapped to defend the similarly kidnapped Captain in a mock trial before a militia is named Mark Gruenwald, and is described with the same general physical attributes and personality as the "real" one.

Date of Birth: June 18, 1953
Birthplace: Oshkosh, WI
Date of death: August 12, 1996



Favorite Creators:
Mark Gruenwald is a favorite creator of 27 users



View a chronological listing of this creator's work

Writer:
Acts of Vengeance (2011)
The Amazing Spider-Man (1963)
Amazing World of DC Comics (1974)
Annihilation Classic (2008)
The Avengers (1963)
Avengers: Citizen Kang (2011)
Avengers: Galactic Storm (2006)
Avengers: Hawkeye (2009)
Avengers: Solo Avengers Classic (2012)
Avengers: The Big Three (2012)
Avengers: The Contest (2010)
Avengers: The Terminatrix Objective (1993)
The Best of Wolverine (2006)
Bizarre Adventures (1981)
Captain America (1968)
Captain America (2011)
Captain America Comic-Taschenbuch (1988)
Captain America Epic Collection (2014)
Captain America: The Legacy of Captain America (2011)
Captain America: The Legend (1996)
Combo Man (1996)
Cosmic Powers Unlimited (1995)
D.P.7 (1986)
D.P.7 (1989)
Daredevil (1964)
David Anthony Kraft's Comics Interview (1983)
DC Versus Marvel/Marvel Versus DC (1996)
The Defenders (1972)
Der Unglaubliche Hulk Comic-Taschenbuch (1980)
Die Fantastischen Vier Comic-Taschenbuch (1979)
Die Rächer (1979)
Die Spinne (1980)
Die Spinne Comic-Album (1979)
Die Spinne Comic-Taschenbuch (1979)
Die Spinne Zweitauflage (1987)
The Draft (1988)
Essential Avengers (2000)
Essential Defenders (2005)
Essential Marvel Two-In-One (2005)
Essential Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (2006)
Essential Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe - Deluxe Edition (2006)
Essential Spider-Man (2001)
Essential Spider-Woman (2005)
Evolutionary War Omnibus (2011)
Fantastic Four (1961)
Fantastic Four By John Byrne Omnibus (2011)
Fantastic Four Visionaries: George Perez (2005)
Fantastic Four Visionaries: John Byrne (2001)
Fantastic Four: The Legend (1996)
Fear Itself: Sin's Past (2011)
Future Tense (1980)
Grandson of Origins of Marvel Comics (1998)
Guardians Of The Galaxy: Tomorrow's Avengers (2013)
Hawkeye (1983)
Impossible Man (2011)
The Impossible Man Summer Vacation Spectacular (1990)
Infinity Gauntlet Omnibus (2014)
Justice (1986)
Kickers, Inc. (1986)
Kostajat erikoisjulkaisu (1989)
Marvel Age (1983)
Marvel Chillers: Shades of Green Monsters (1997)
Marvel Comic-Stars (1981)
Marvel Comics Presents (1988)
Marvel Ghost Stories (2011)
Marvel Graphic Novel: The Pitt (1987)
Marvel Masterworks: Deathlok (2009)
Marvel Milestones: Star Brand & Quasar (2006)
Marvel Preview (1975)
Marvel Super Hero Contest of Champions (1982)
Marvel Super-Heroes (1979)
Marvel Team-Up (1972)
Marvel Treasury Edition (1974)
Marvel Two-In-One (1974)
Marvel-Comic-Sonderheft (1980)
Marvel: The Year-in-Review (1989)
The New Mutants (1983)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition (1985)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (1983)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Master Edition (1990)
Omega the Unknown Classic (2005)
Omniverse (1978)
Over the Edge (1995)
The Punisher (1987)
Quasar (1989)
Quasar Classic (2012)
ROM (1979)
Secret Wars II (1985)
The Sensational Spider-Man (1996)
Silver Surfer (1987)
The Spectacular Spider-Man (1976)
Spider-Man Comics Weekly (UK) (1973)
Spider-Man Family (2005)
Spider-Woman (1978)
Spider-Woman - La mujer Araña (1978)
Squadron Supreme (1985)
Squadron Supreme By Mark Gruenwald Omnibus (2010)
Squadron Supreme: Death of a Universe (1989)
Squadron Supreme: Death of a Universe (2006)
Star Masters (1995)
Starblast (1994)
Super-Villain Classics (1983)
The Thing: Project Pegasus (2010)
Thing: The Serpent Crown Affair (2012)
Thor (1966)
Thor Epic Collection (2013)
Thor: The Legend (1996)
Thunderbolts: Marvel's Most Wanted (1998)
U.S.Agent (1993)
Uncanny X-Men (1963)
Web of Spider-Man (1985)
West Coast Avengers (1985)
What If? (1977)
Women of Marvel (2006)
X-Factor (1986)
X-Men: Fall of the Mutants (2002)

Penciller:
All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z (2006)
The Amazing Spider-Man (1963)
Avengers: Hawkeye (2009)
Avengers: Roll Call (2012)
Comics Feature (1980)
Deadpool Corps: Rank and Foul (2010)
Der Unglaubliche Hulk Comic-Taschenbuch (1980)
Die Spinne (1980)
Die Spinne Comic-Album (1979)
Essential Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (2006)
Essential Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe - Deluxe Edition (2006)
Essential Spider-Man (2001)
Hawkeye (1983)
History of the Marvel Universe (2012)
The Incredible Hulk (1968)
Iron Manual Mark 3 (2010)
Marvel Super Heroes Role Playing Game (1984)
Marvel Team-Up (1972)
Marvel Two-In-One (1974)
Marvel Zombies: The Book of Angels, Demons & Various Monstrosities (2007)
O Incrível Hulk (1985)
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A To Z Update (2010)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition (1985)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (1983)
Questprobe (1984)
Spider-Man Comics Weekly (UK) (1973)
Thing: The Serpent Crown Affair (2012)
What If? (1977)
Who's Who: The Definitive Directory of the DC Universe (1985)

Inker:
Comics Feature (1980)
What If? (1977)

Colorist:

Editor:
Acts of Vengeance (2011)
The Amazing Spider-Man (1963)
The Amazing Spider-Man: Official Index to the Marvel Universe (2010)
Atlantis Attacks (2011)
Avengers Anniversary Magazine (1993)
Avengers Epic Collection (2013)
The Avengers Log (1994)
Avengers Prime (2010)
Avengers Spotlight (1989)
Avengers Unplugged (1995)
Avengers West Coast: Zodiac Attack (2012)
The Avengers (1963)
The Avengers: Kang - Time and Time Again (2005)
Avengers: Solo Avengers Classic (2012)
Avengers: The Big Three (2012)
Avengers: The Crossing (1995)
Avengers: The Many Faces of Henry Pym (2012)
Avengers: Timeslide (1996)
Avengers: West Coast Avengers Omnibus (2013)
Batman vs. The Incredible Hulk (1995)
Batman/Captain America (1996)
Battlestar Galactica (1979)
Black Panther (1988)
Bring Back the Bad Guys (1998)
Capitaine America (1970)
Captain America (1968)
Captain America Epic Collection (2014)
Captain Britain by Alan Moore & Alan Davis Omnibus (2009)
Captain Marvel (1989)
The Chronicles of Conan (2003)
ClanDestine (1994)
Conan the Barbarian (1970)
Cosmic Powers Unlimited (1995)
Crossover Classics (1991)
Daredevil (1964)
Darkhawk (1991)
Darkseid vs. Galactus: The Hunger (1995)
David Anthony Kraft's Comics Interview (1983)
DC gegen Marvel (1996)
DC Versus Marvel/Marvel Versus DC (1996)
Die Rächer (1979)
Die Spinne (1980)
Essential Defenders (2005)
Essential Marvel Two-In-One (2005)
Essential Moon Knight (2006)
Essential Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (2006)
Essential Spider-Woman (2005)
Fantastic Four (1961)
Fantastic Four (1968)
Fantastic Four By John Byrne Omnibus (2011)
Fantastic Four Unplugged (1995)
Fantastic Four Visionaries: John Byrne (2001)
Fury/Black Widow: Death Duty (1995)
Ghost Rider (1973)
Ghost Rider and the Midnight Sons Magazine (1993)
Gravity (2005)
Green Lantern/Silver Surfer: Unholy Alliances (1995)
Guardians of the Galaxy (1990)
Hämähäkkimies / Spider-Man (1980)
Hercules (1982)
Hercules: Prince of Power (1997)
Hercules: Prince of Power (2009)
Howard the Duck (1976)
Howard the Duck (1979)
Howard The Duck Omnibus (2008)
Hulk: Heart of the Atom (2008)
I Am An Avenger (2010)
Illuminator (1993)
Incredible Hulk: Hercules Unleashed (1996)
Inhumans Special (1990)
Inhumans: By Right of Birth (2013)
The Inhumans: The Great Refuge (1995)
The Invaders (1975)
The Invincible Iron Man DVD-ROM (2007)
Iron Man (1968)
Iron Man Epic Collection (2013)
Iron Man: The Legend (1996)
Iron Man/X-O Manowar: Heavy Metal (1996)
Journey Into Mystery (1996)
Last Avengers (1995)
Lunatik (1995)
Magneto And His Magnetic Men (1996)
Magneto Ascendant (1999)
Man-Thing (1979)
Man-Thing Omnibus (2012)
Marvel Age (1983)
Marvel Comics (1939)
Marvel Graphic Novels (2002)
Marvel Limited: X-Men Famous Firsts (1995)
Marvel Masters (2007)
Marvel Preview (1975)
Marvel Saga: The Official History of the Marvel Universe (1985)
Marvel Super Hero Contest of Champions (1982)
Marvel Super-Heroes (1990)
Marvel Swimsuit Special (1992)
Marvel Treasury Edition (1974)
Marvel Two-In-One (1974)
Marvel: The Year-in-Review (1989)
Marvelklubben (1984)
The New Mutants (1983)
Nick Fury vs. S.H.I.E.L.D. (1988)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition (1985)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (1983)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Master Edition (1990)
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Update '89 (1989)
The Official Marvel Index To The Amazing Spider-Man (1985)
The Official Marvel Index to the Avengers (1994)
The Official Marvel Index To The X-Men (1987)
Omega the Unknown Classic (2005)
Omniverse (1978)
The Origin of Galactus (1996)
The Punisher (1987)
The Ren & Stimpy Show (1992)
Rune/Silver Surfer (1995)
The Savage Sword Of Conan (1974)
Silver Surfer (1987)
Silver Surfer: Dangerous Artifacts (1996)
Silver Surfer/Superman (1996)
Solo Avengers (1987)
The Spectacular Spider-Man (1976)
Spider-Man: Am I An Avenger? (2011)
Spider-Woman (1978)
Star Brand (1986)
Superman and Spider-Man (1995)
Superman/Fantastic Four (1999)
The Thing (1983)
Thor (1966)
Thor By Walter Simonson Omnibus (2011)
Thor Legends (2003)
Thor Visionaries: Walter Simonson (2001)
Thor: The Lost Gods (2011)
The Tomb of Dracula Magazine (1979)
The Ultimate Graphic Novel Collection (2011)
Uncanny Origins (1996)
Uncanny X-Men (1963)
Untold Tales of Spider-Man (1995)
The Very Best of Marvel Comics (1992)
The Vision and the Scarlet Witch (1982)
The Vision and the Scarlet Witch (1985)
Walter Simonson's The Mighty Thor: Artist's Edition (2011)
Warlock and the Infinity Watch (1992)
Web of Spider-Man (1985)
West Coast Avengers (1984)
West Coast Avengers (1985)
What If? (1977)
What If? 200 (2011)
Widowmaker (2011)
Wolverine & Nick Fury: Scorpio (2012)
Wolverine Saga (1989)
Wolverine, Nick Fury: The Scorpio Connection (1989)
Women of Marvel (2006)
Women Of Marvel: Celebrating Seven Decades Omnibus (2010)
X-Factor (1986)
X-Men Anniversary Magazine (1993)
X-Men Inferno (1996)
X-Men Spotlight On...Starjammers (1990)
X-Men Vs. Avengers/Fantastic Four (2011)
The X-Men vs. the Avengers (1987)
X-Men: Dark Phoenix Saga (2010)
X-Men: Phoenix Rising (2001)
X-Men: The Complete Onslaught Epic (2007)
X-O Manowar/Iron Man: In Heavy Metal (1996)

Cover Artist:
Avengers: Hawkeye (2009)
Hawkeye (1983)
Questprobe (1984)



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